Advantages of Unicameral and Bicameral System of Government

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Advantages of Unicameral and Bicameral System of Government: A government with one legislative House or chamber is a unicameral system. The Latin word that describes a single-house legislative scheme is Unicameral. Armenia, Bulgaria, Denmark, Hungary, Monaco, Ukraine, Serbia, Turkey, and Sweden are countries with unicameral governments. During the 20th century, unicameral systems became more popular, and some countries switched from a bicameral system to a unicameral system, including Greece, New Zealand, and Peru. Smaller countries with long-established democracies tend to have unicameral systems, whereas a unicameral or bicameral system may be available in larger countries.

Unicameral and Bicameral System of Government

Unicameral System

Consider the national government of Sweden to understand how a unicameral system works. With a king as the country’s official head and the prime minister serving as the seat of executive power, Sweden has a parliamentary system. The ParliamentParliament has 349 seats, and seats are granted to any political party that receives at least 4 percent of the vote during the national voting. Each party’s number of seats is based on the number of options accepted and proportional representation by the electoral district. Nine parties had parliamentary seats in 2020, led by the Social Democrats with 100 seats, or 28.7%, and closely followed by the Moderates, with 70 seats, or about 20.1%. At 4.6 percent and 0.6 percent seats, respectively, the Green Party and Independents had the smallest share.



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Parliament votes on legislative bills proposed by or by Members of Parliament (MPs). A simple majority vote of ParliamentParliament approves all accounts except the budget and amendments to the Constitution. The prime minister also supports ParliamentParliament. Parliament meets annually, and every four years, elections are held. There are no term limits for either the prime minister or MPs.

Bicameral System

In two independent legislatures, chambers, or houses, a bicameral legislature has legislators. Bicameralism, in which all members deliberate and vote as a single party, is distinct from unicameralism. As of 2015, about 40% of the national legislatures in the world are bicameral, and about 60% are unicameral.

Advantages of Unicameral and Bicameral System

While a bicameral system’s primary advantage is that it can provide checks and balances and prevent potential power abuses, it can also lead to a gridlock that makes it difficult to pass laws. A significant benefit of a unicameral system is that it is possible to pass laws more effectively. However, a unicameral system may pass legislation too quickly. A proposed rule that the ruling class supports may be given even if most citizens do not support it. A unicameral legislature may be more easily influenced by special interest groups than a bicameral one, and groupthink may be more likely to happen. However, because unicameral systems require fewer lawmakers than bicameral systems, they may need less money to function. Such schemes may also introduce fewer bills and have shorter legislative meetings.

The Articles of Confederation proposed a unicameral system for the U.S. government in 1781. The delegates to the Constitutional Convention created a plan for a bicameral system modeled on the English system in 1787. The founders of America were unable to agree on whether each state should have the same number of representatives or whether the number of representatives should be population-based. The founders decided to do both in an agreement known as the Great Compromise, setting up the Senate and the House’s bicameral system that we still use today.

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The U.S. federal government and all states except Nebraska use a bicameral system. In contrast, the unicameral system is commonly used by U.S. cities, counties, and school districts, all provinces in Canada. Initially, Georgia, Pennsylvania, and Vermont had unicameral legislatures based on the idea that two houses representing an upper class and a standard class should not have real democracy. Instead, democracy should have a single place that represents all individuals. These states switched to a bicameral system: 1789 in Georgia, 1790 in Pennsylvania, and 1836 in Vermont. Like the United States, with a unicameral system, Australia also has just one state.

In 1937, a Republican named George Norris successfully campaigned to change Nebraska’s legislature from a bicameral system to a unicameral one. The bicameral system was outdated, inefficient, and unnecessary, Norris claimed. Norris argued that a single-chamber system could maintain a network of controls and balances by relying on citizens’ power to vote and petition and depending on the Supreme Court and the Governor on matters requiring a different opinion. Furthermore, only one subject may be included in a bill and may not pass until five days after its introduction. Most Nebraska bills receive a public hearing, and each account must be voted on three times separately.

Some nations with unicameral systems have always maintained such a scenario, while others have changed by merging or abolishing two houses at some stage. In the early 1950s, when the Opposition party took control of the Labour party and voted to do away with the upper House, New Zealand abolished its upper house.

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